Can I say YUM? I got this recipe from the Gluten Free Goddess, which I greatly admire for her many creations. I have modified it to fit my needs and to streamline it for kids and adults alike. I like pumpkin chocolate chip cookies to be soft and to melt in your mouth – perhaps that is a Utah thing. In Utah we don’t wait for autumn — we eat these year round. 1 cup white rice flour 1 1/4 cups gluten free baking flour mixture 1 1/2 cups lite brown sugar 1 teaspoon baking powder 1/2 teaspoon sea salt 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger 2/3 cup pumpkin puree (canned is fine) 1/2 cup (1 stick) butter, softened (20 seconds in microwave if from the fridge) 2 tablespoons olive oil 2 eggs 1 tablespoon vanilla 1/4 cup honey 1/2-1 cup semi sweet chocolate chips     Instructions: Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Line a cookie sheet with parchment paper. In a medium sized mixing bowl, whisk together the flours, sugar, leavening and spices. In a separate large bowl, combine the pumpkin puree, butter, oil, eggs, and vanilla extract. Add the dry ingredients to the wet and mix together well. Add 1/4 honey to sweeten more. Then add chocolate chips.   Bake for 15-20 minutes until cooked through. Makes 18 large cookies or two sheets. If you use an Airbake pan, make sure you keep pan level when taking out of the oven so that cookies don’t fall off. Remove cookies and parchment paper onto counter or kitchen table to cool. Use a second piece of parchment paper for the second sheet of cookies.


House Articles Aug. 2013 120By Emily Olsen
November 14, 2013

GUNNISON—A pair of historic homes stand as prominent pillars of Gunnison’s historic roots and open windows to memories of yesteryear.

The homes, standing on the north end of Main Street, were built by two brothers, Lafayette and James Bown.

The brothers built their homes a year apart. Lafayette, who his friends called “Lafe,” built the Bown Villa at 132 North Main in 1898, and James built his home at 168 North Main in 1899.

Both homes have different styles, but they were designed by the same architect from Nephi, whose name is unknown today.

The Bown Villa features many elements of Victorian Eclectic styling, including “an unusual if not unique double-roofed corner tower, a formal entry through a portico of paired columns [front porch], multiple roof forms and a tall, stately overall appearance,” according to a description on www.Sanpete.com.House Articles Aug. 2013 130

The James Bown home, also a Victorian Eclectic, has a large portico and entrance hall, front parlor and dining room. It was built with red sandstone from a quarry near Fayette. The foundation is oolite limestone extracted from the same rock quarry used for the Manti LDS Temple. Its dark red bricks were manufactured in Manti.

The Bown brothers tended 10,000 sheep on the open range in Utah, Idaho and Colorado. Two hundred sheep usually grazed in a pasture behind the two homes. Before Main Street was built, a large canal ran in front of the two homes. A small indentation in the gravel driveways is all that remains of the canal today.

Because of their large outfit, the brothers hired staff to assist them with the herd. A sheepherder named “Brooks” lived in James’ home. He disappeared for long periods of time with no explanation. He was “a large frightening man with bad table manners,” reports Sanpete.com. “It was later discovered that he was bank robber, among other things.”

James, whose home is still owned by his family, was financially successful and played an important role in building the community of Gunnison. Lafe, although he lived in Gunnison for decades prior to building the Bown Villa, was forced to move north within 10 years of completing the home, says Marie Sanders, great-niece of Lafe and current owner of the James Bown home with her husband Kent.

Another family inhabited the Bown Villa for almost a century before passing it to its current owners, Bill, Charlotte and Shawn Christiansen.

The Bown Villa
Lafe Bown’s home was purchased by Payton and Bessie Alexander in 1929 shortly after they were married. Payton accepted a job in Gunnison as a high school coach and later served as the high school principal for many years.

Bessie Alexander was born in 1908 to Hyrum and Julia “Jule” Hatton in Provo, where she attended Maeser Elementary School and Provo High School. She also attended BYU, where she majored in physical education and dance and met her husband. Bessie lived in the Bown Villa throughout her married life. Only in the last 10 years of her life did she move to California to live closer to her daughters. She died in 2009 at the age of 101.

Payton and Bessie boarded school teachers in their home, including Wanda Welling, Faye Hills and Jenny Duke.

The Alexanders had three daughters, Jewel, Patsy and Joann. Jewel vividly remembers her happy childhood in the Bown Villa. “Patsy and I played on a small bed [on the front porch] with our girlfriends. We played with paper dolls, colored, read and played board [games] and card games. This would continue until one of the dogs would leap on the bed and disrupt everything,” she recalls.

“Christmas was the only time we had a fire in the fireplace,” Jewel says. “During the rest of the winter [the front room] was closed off to keep the heat in the dining room, bedroom and kitchen.”

“There was a ‘heatrola,’ a coal-fired heating stove in the dining room and the cook stove in the kitchen for heat,” Jewel continues. “The ceiling above the heatrola had a vent about a foot square which took the chill off the south upstairs bedroom.”

Charlotte Christiansen, a long-time Gunnison resident, knew the Bown Villa only as “Bessie’s House” before she purchased it with her husband Bill and son Shawn in 2002. Charlotte Christiansen’s real estate office was around the corner from the house for decades, and she knew Bessie well.

When Bessie moved, she sold the house to Charlotte. “She knew we would maintain it,” Charlotte says.

Shawn Christiansen spent the last decade restoring and updating the home. He painstakingly stripped the walls of seven or eight layers of wallpaper and restored the baseboards. He added central air and updated the electrical wiring. He also restored the main stairwell and the roof’s original wood-shake shingles. Shawn added a bathroom to a bedroom upstairs and modernized the kitchen.

Payton and Bessie Alexander had used what now is the dining room as their bedroom, which had a separate door to the bathroom and kitchen in the back of the house. Bessie painted the bathroom bright pink and adorned it with lace drapes. Charlotte and Shawn Christiansen have maintained the bathroom as Bessie left it.

Shawn also found an original stained glass window in the chicken coop and placed it in the front room.

Today Charlotte and Shawn Christiansen use the Bown Villa as the offices of their real estate brokerage. They also hold family reunions and permit visiting family to stay there.

The James Bown Home
James and Lafe were two of the 10 children in the William Bown and Jane Ann Metcalf family (only six sons lived past 1900). Many of the offspring lived in Fayette where a fort providing shelter from the Indians was located. Some of the Bowns tried settling in St. George, but a flood one year ruined their crops. The Metcalf family rescued the St. George Bowns and brought them back to Fayette.

James and Lafe were able to settle in Gunnison once challenges with the Native Americans had subsided, but their successful sheepherding business was compromised when landowners began fencing their properties. Sheepherders couldn’t lead their sheep across various properties anymore.

When James’ and Lafe’s sheepherding business folded, Lafe moved to Provo, but James maintained his residence in Gunnison and changed his profession to banking. A room upstairs in his home was used as an office, says Marie Sanders, a granddaughter of James Bown.

James Bown helped organize the Gunnison Telephone Company as well as the Citizen’s Bank of Gunnison and Centerfield.

“My grandfather had the first telephone in Gunnison and had enough stock in the phone company to control it,” Marie says. “Even today, there are only 60-70 stockholders.”

Both of Marie’s parents also worked for the telephone company. The phone company is now managed by Kent Sanders and his son, Jim.

James and his wife, Florence Bartholomew Bown, raised five daughters in the home. James told Florence she could have either an indoor toilet or a fireplace in the home.

“She chose the toilet,” Marie says. “The home now has a chimney that goes nowhere.”

Marie, the only child of Howard and Vera Jane Bown Norman (Vera Jane was a daughter of James and Florence). She lived in the home as a girl.

“The bathroom upstairs used to be my bedroom,” Marie says.

There was a vent in the dining room that heated the upstairs, Marie recalls. The north room in the home was the music room. An archway in the music room separated it from another room that James and Florence used as their bedroom, which had blue and purple drapes.

When the Sanders moved in, they “got rid of the drapes and changed the bedroom into a TV room,” Marie says.

Today there are three bedrooms upstairs, one big room and two smaller rooms. One of the rooms still has the original furniture. They cut one wall to make drawers and cupboards. What used to be the large downstairs bathroom with a claw-foot bathtub is now a smaller bath with a shower only and a separate washroom.

Is there a connection between Florence Bartholomew Bown’s family and Byrd Bartholomew, who married Jewel Alexander next door?

Byrd Bartholomew’s grandfather (George Marston Bartholomew) and Florence Bartholomew’s father (Joseph Bartholomew) were brothers—both sons of Joseph Bartholomew and Polly Benson.

The Christiansens have heard that the wives of James and Lafe were sisters, but the truth is they weren’t (since Lafe was married to Clarissa Jane Dack—not a Bartholomew).

However, the oldest brother of James and Lafe (William Bown) was married to Elizabeth Almira Bartholomew, a daughter of the same Joseph Bartholomew and Polly Benson.

And even though the wives of James and Lafe weren’t sisters, they treated each other like sisters: “The brothers didn’t get along, but the wives were good friends,” Shawn says.

It is clear that both Bown homes have been well loved and treasured through the years, continuing to memorialize those who have gone before, along with providing those in the present with pleasant places for memory making—and reminiscing.

The Bench Hotel



Editor’s Note: This is another in an intermittent series of articles about historic homes in Sanpete County and the people who have built, restored and lived in them, past and present.

By Emily Sanderson Olsen
September 16, 2013

MANTI—In 1903, fire erupted with a loud boom in an upper northeast room of the Bench Hotel on Main Street in Manti.

A Mr. and Mrs. Stuttz, who were staying at the hotel and who ran a theatrical company,  had been preparing something to be used as lights in their show that evening. They forgot an essential ingredient, and the mixture exploded.

Mr. Stuttz was able to escape and then returned to the building to try to rescue his wife. He severely burned his hands as he opened the flaming hot doorknob. His wife was badly burned and in shock. She died a few days later.

“The hands of Stuttz were so severely burned that it was weeks before he was able to feed himself or join his (theater) company,” says Jennie B. Cox in a four-page typed history of the Bench Hotel written in 1960.

Jennie Cox was the daughter of George Edward Bench and Jane Hortin. After their marriage in 1863, the couple built a two-room adobe cabin on the northwest corner of 300 South and Main Street.

Bench added onto the home in stages. Two rooms were built with hand-cut stone bricks above the adobe cabin to provide room for the Benches’ 10 children, seven girls and three boys.

The couple started the Bench Hotel as a means of making income for their large family. Ultimately, eight more bedrooms and a bathroom were added.

Today, the house only has three bedrooms. Most of the portion of the house that burned was never rebuilt, so no one knows what the structure looked like in its full glory, says Donna Birk, who purchased the home with her husband, Doug, in 1990.

Birk knew the house was meant for her when she first toured it and she has loved it ever since. “We’ve never been spooked,” Birk says. “We have only felt good vibes in this house.”

Today the home includes the two original upstairs bedrooms and a third bedroom on the main level. A smaller room at the top of the stairs was once a closet, but the Birks converted it into a two-level playhouse for their children.

The original two-room adobe home is the Birks’ living and dining rooms, boasting 12-foot ceilings. The 2-foot thick walls are apparent in an arch with original oxblood stain that was cut out to connect the adobe rooms with the rest of the house. Behind the dining room are a kitchen and the mudroom, which the family uses as a TV room.

When the Birks moved in, the hardwood floors were covered with light blue shag carpet. They have restored the floors in the front rooms.

“We raised four girls here,” says Birk. Now the bedrooms in the home are used to house Birk’s visiting grandchildren.

One of the home’s unique features is a large attic above the back of the house that can be reached through a door in an upstairs bedroom. Birk believes the attic space housed some of the bedrooms in the old hotel.

Faded wallpaper covers the lathe-and-plaster walls of the attic. The attic floor is not strong enough to walk on, and the sky peeks through some of the roof’s shingles. Birk plans to restore the space as a family room.

The Bench Hotel opened for business in 1887 or 1888 and ran for 17 or 18 years, according to Cox’s history. Patrons included boarders who lived there for years and guests who stayed only while they were visiting in town.

Some of the more famous guests were George Albert Smith and Joseph F. Smith, who later became presidents of the LDS Church.

“[The hotel] provided work for the older ones of the family, keeping them at home instead of their having to find employment elsewhere,” Cox writes. “And as the older girls married, the younger ones took their places, so we all learned to work and cook.”

“The two older boys, George and Frank, ran a livery stable in connection with the hotel,” Cox continues. The stable took care of horses, including some that pulled a “hack,” or a three-seated buggy to providing patrons with transportation to and from the train station.

“The rooms in the hotel were all neatly furnished,” Cox writes. “The office contained a table, chairs, couch, an organ (the first one in Manti) and a stove to supply heat in the winter. There were no furnaces at this time.

“At the windows were blinds and curtains, and on the walls hung beautiful…pictures painted by my sister Ella, who began painting when she was 11 years old,” Cox continues. “One of the boarders offered my father $50 for one of the pictures, but he refused to sell it.”

Each bedroom contained a double bed, chairs, and a small table that held a kerosene lamp. There was also a washstand with a pitcher and bowl, as well as soap and towels. A commode was kept in a drawer of the washstand.

Floors throughout the house were covered with homemade rag carpet with straw underneath as padding, typical of homes in Sanpete County because fashionable rugs were too expensive. But some guests felt rag carpet wasn’t good enough.

“One evening, a traveling salesman came to the hotel intending to stay,” Cox recalled. “When he opened the door and looked in and saw a rag carpet covering the floor, he said, ‘<Expletive>, rag carpet!’” The salesman left immediately and stayed at another hotel.

“I suppose, in the meantime, he must have gotten used to rag carpets because the next time he came to Manti, he came to the Bench House and was a very nice guest,” Cox writes.

Other prominent guests included H.R. Kerr, superintendent of the Sanpete Railroad; James W. Cherry, an attorney; L.A. Lauber, publisher of the Sanpete Democrat, a weekly newspaper; H.C. Jacobs, who later managed the Jacobs Mortuary in Mt. Pleasant; as well as a number of educators.

The hotel closed within a year or two after the fire in 1903. During the 1900s, the house passed through a handful of owners, including Jay and Laurie Olsen and Thera Lou Hickman. It served as a dentist’s office for a time.

This year marks the home’s 150th anniversary. Many memories are associated with the structure. Just one example: The late Betty Anderson, who was Birk’s neighbor in her elderly years, remembered jumping from a second-story window onto a mattress in the front yard one hot summer day with a number of other children, probably when parents home were away. And the covered patio on the south side of the house is a place to rest after a long day at work.

Unquestionably, the ivy-covered edifice will remain a Manti icon for years to come.

By Emily Sanderson Olsen

A new live radio show debuted to a full house in Spring City’s Victory Hall on Saturday night with screaming success. “Life Under the Horseshoe” aired at 7 p.m. on KMGR Radio’s 95.9 and 102.7 FM.

The sky is the limit for host Mark Allen and director Lawrence Gardner, who live along Main Street in Spring City and who are now seeing years of planning come to fruition. Allen is a professional singer and has been the member of a rock ‘n roll band, and Gardner spent his career in Hollywood working on films.

The show begins and ends with the music of Dave and Carla Eskelsen, a couple from Farmington who write and perform exquisite folk guitar duets. Their songs were stories about living in Farmington when the weather change in the fall, the harsh east wind and Carla’s experiences growing up in Native American communities where her father was a doctor.

Three skits were the main features of the evening including “Bummer Bench,” a true story about Charlie Beck, a local man who had suffered from typhoid fever in his youth and never walked without crutches again. He spent the rest of his days parked on a bench in the middle of town on a wooden pew whittling wooden toys for children and offering advice to teenagers and adults.

Charlie’s bench will remain as a cornerstone on the stage and will be where Allen will tell a story each week.

“Invasion of the G-Men,” is a humorous story from around the turn of the century about polygamous men who mistake a man in the local train station as a “government man” who had come to arrest polygamous men. They discover that they had nothing to fear when they learn that the young man, who was dressed like a man from the city, was coming home from an LDS mission in London.

The story was acted out by about 10 people, including two volunteers from the audience who provided a dog bark and baby cry sounds. A live organist provided old-radio accompaniment to the skits.

“Elmer’s Icy Plunge,” is humorous true story about a boy in the 1870s who got baptized in ice-cold water against his will. A young paperboy begins the skit with a yell from the audience, “I have a story!” he says. Allen then invites him onstage to tell the story about the boy who ran home after being forcefully dunked under the cold water, something that would never happen in the LDS Church today.

Allen and Gardner combined their performance talents with local resources to create the show. Snow College donated its used sound and lighting equipment from one of its old auditoriums, and local members of the community perform for free.

The radio show also relies on local sponsors, including Zions Bank, Terrel’s Thriftway, Krikorian Art Gallery, Horseshoe Mountain Pottery, Spring City Arts and Sanpete County Travel.

The show continues to look for additional sponsors and plans to syndicate the program on radio stations in Salt Lake City and beyond. They are also looking for family history stories and writers, and at some point plan to feature a live band. For more information, go to LifeUndertheHorseshoe.com.

By Emily Sanderson Olsen
May 20-26, 2013

Forbes magazine’s Kurt Badenhausen was right on in January when he told the Salt Lake Board of Regulators that Utah’s real estate market would perform exceptionally well in 2013.

Homes have been receiving multiple offers after being on the market for only a few days, and sellers can pick and choose who they want to work with. The present seller’s market is caused by two phenomena: interest rates still being close to historic lows and the looming expectation that interest rates could increase at any time. As a result, buyers feel a sense of urgency to close deals now.

“With interest rates at or near historic lows, there has been no better time to buy,” says Steve Christenson, a loan officer at Axiom Financial. “As the economy improves, interest rates will increase.”

Badenhausen based his predictions on the excellent performance of the Utah real estate market in 2012, which appears to have rebounded us from the recession.

In 2012, home sales increased 15 percent in Utah. We also experienced a 6 percent increase in the median sales value of homes, and 80 percent of homes sold were within the affordable range to the median household (the highest level of affordability ever recorded in Salt Lake), according to Jim Wood, director of the Bureau of Economic and Business Research at the University of Utah. This means that homes have become more affordable and income levels are increasing along the Wasatch Front.

Utah’s booming real estate environment is the result of six factors, Wood says.

1. Extreme Affordability. Affordability is attracting buyers to the market and fueling increased demand.

2. Demographic Growth. The Wasatch Front has experienced an increase in job opportunities, which has attracted individuals from outside of the area to settle here. The growth has increased the demand for housing.

3. Rising Consumer Confidence. The recent positive economic news encourages consumers to make purchases, including homes.

4. Higher Rents. Apartment rents increased 8 percent last year, making the expense comparable to a monthly mortgage payment. Rental vacancy rates also dropped below 5 percent in 2012, so consumers are choosing to buy, which will give them more housing options.

5. Low Inventories. Low inventories exist for both unsold new homes and existing homes. The demand is so great that homes are getting snatched off the market sometimes within a few days of getting listed. As a result, sellers can price their homes higher.

6. Low Mortgage Rates. As mortgage rates drop, buying power increases, and buyers want  to take advantage of the low rates while they are still available.

Loan guidelines have become more restrictive since 2008 in order to prevent mass foreclosures from happening again. However, Christenson reiterated that despite the new safeguards, there has never been a better time to buy. “Some people are quite surprised how easy it is to qualify for a loan,” he says.

A number of factors play a role in qualifying for a loan. Your credit history and the amount you can put towards a down payment are only two of them. Christenson says many people can qualify for state and federal grants from organizations such as the Utah Housing Authority and Community Development Corp.

In addition to selecting a knowledgeable, resourceful Realtor, one of the best ways that a buyer can be competitive against multiple offers is to become pre-approved for a loan.

“Meet with a loan officer well in advance,” Christenson says. “Even if you think you don’t qualify, you can get an assessment from a loan officer to see what it would look like if you were to purchase now.”

“A loan officer can also set you on the path to purchase later if current circumstances prevent a pre-approval,” he continues. “We can help you improve your credit by taking a few simple steps.”

And if you are thinking of selling your home, now couldn’t be a better time.

“We are experiencing a severe shortage of homes for sale in our area. Our inventory  of listings is at the lowest level it has been in many years,” says Chris Jensen, president of Coldwell Banker Residential Brokerage in Utah, in a recent newsletter.

“Buyers are out there each weekend scouring the neighborhoods for homes to buy; buyers are ready to make a move when they find a house to buy,” Jensen continues. “With so few homes available in this market, if you were to sell your home now you could potentially get the highest price since the downturn og the housing market.”

When the interest rates increase, as we know they will soon, the market will be driven by a new set of conditions.

“While you might be able to sell your home for more if you wait, there’s no way to tell what the future will hold,” says Jensen. “When more homeowners eventually decide to come into the market, the balance of supply and demand could change in favor of buyers once again.”

Emily Sanderson Olsen is the marketing coordinator of Coldwell Banker Residential Brokerage’s Salt Lake Office. She has a bachelor’s degree in journalism and a master’s degree in business management.


By Emily Sanderson

MT. PLEASANT — It was the Fourth of July, a day full of celebration and fireworks. But some of the fireworks that day weren’t planned. An historic building at 65 Main Street experienced fire damage in the attic and belfry.

That was in 1918 in a Wild West town dominated by the LDS faith. The building known as Liberal Hall was originally built in 1875, but more than 40 years later, the wood-framed, wood-sided building was stucco-ed and lost its bell tower. No funds were available to repair the building any further.

Charred remnants of the fire could still be found in the attic for almost a century. The small, one-room structure with a small foyer has been used for all kinds of purposes, most recently as a second-hand store.

However, earlier this year, Wasatch Academy, a local private, nondenominational junior high and high school with students from all over the globe, began taking steps to renovate the structure. The project is presently in the demolition stage, and the school has set aside an undisclosed amount of money to restore the belfry and the rest of the building. It has plans to use it as a museum, says Donna Glidewell, the school’s historian.

First Home
Why is Wasatch Academy interested in the structure? Liberal Hall was the first home of the formerly Presbyterian-based school. Presbyterian minister Duncan McMillan, the school’s first headmaster, purchased the structure below-cost the year it was built by members of the Liberal Party who used it as a social hall — hence the building’s name.

The Liberal Party was a statewide group that opposed the Mormon church’s political control. McMillan found that he and the Liberal Party had much in common. He would become a prominent anti-Mormon activist on a national level for the rest of his career. In particular, McMillan was a critic of polygamy and played an active role in getting the practice outlawed in the United States, according to R. Douglas Brackenridge, who wrote “Duncan James McMillan: Missionary to the Mormons.” The text can be found on the website of Monmouth College, a Presbyterian school in Illinois.

Duncan McMillan
Duncan J. McMillan is characterized as one of the most colorful, charismatic, and controversial recruits of Sheldon Jackson, a prominent leader of the Presbyterian church in the late 1800s in the Western United States. McMillan was born in Giles County, Tenn., in 1846. As a 15-year-old boy, he accompanied his father, a Presbyterian clergyman himself, while he served as the chaplain of the 32nd Illinois Infantry during the Civil War.

After his father’s death, McMillan enlisted in the war, serving until its end. He was ordained to the Presbyterian ministry in 1872 after paying his way through college.

McMillan suffered from a chronic throat and bronchial condition after he had rescued some young women from a building fire, and he chose to move to Utah became of its milder climate, according to Brackenridge.

Sheldon Jackson introduced him at the inaugural session of the First Presbyterian Church in Salt Lake City in the fall of 1871 with the following words:

“We read in St. John’s Gospel, ‘there was a man sent from God and his name was John.’ There came to Salt Lake City a man whose name is Duncan J. McMillan, a genuine Scotchman and full of the spirit.”

McMillan was gracious to Sanpete Mormons — to their faces — but he wrote inflammatory remarks about them in the “Rocky Mountain Presbyterian” early in his ministry there, which Salt Lake City ministers confiscated and burned in order to prevent it from reaching readers. He described the Mormon people as:

“… poor, ignorant, deluded, degraded, priest-ridden serfs. The men stand about their customary loafing places with their hands up to their elbows in their pants pockets, their old hats on the backs of their heads and their mouths open, utterly incapable of comprehending intelligent thought; the women are literally servants of servants, and the children are legion.”

McMillan left Utah in 1883 when his position as district superintendent wasn’t renewed. The Presbytery “did not see their way clear to recommend his reappointment to the position” because “there (was) such a lack of harmony between his views and feelings and the views and feelings of the Presbytery in regard to the proper method of carrying the work within its bounds,” states the minutes of the Presbytery of Utah.

McMillan moved on to other posts within the church, but more than 15 years later, he would play an important role in helping to secure a benefactor to underwrite Westminster College in Salt Lake City. Although he helped found other schools in Utah, Westminster College and Wasatch Academy are the only ones that remain today.

McMillan’s early confrontation with Canute Peterson, an LDS bishop from Ephraim, was memorialized in McMillan’s eulogy in 1939. Peterson warned him upon his arrival into Ephraim that if he tried to preach there, he wouldn’t come out alive.

McMillan is said to have responded:

“I have half a pound of lead here (exhibits his revolver), and I can pull a trigger as quickly and put a bullet as near ti the mark as any man in Ephraim. I’ll be ready for you.”

The New York Times said that McMillan had traveled “to the heart of Mormon Utah, where no missionary had ever ventured, and where he often preached with his pistol on the pulpit.”

Presbyterian Mission
While McMillan was appointed by Sheldon Jackson to evangelize members of the LDS faith in Utah, he quickly discovered that traditional evangelistic strategies, such as building churches, holding revivals and organizing Sunday Schools, were ineffective in Mormon country. Providing a religious-based educational program was the way into the homes and hearts of local residents, he decided.

“Influenced by successful local day-schools already established by Episcopalians and Methodists in Salt Lake City, McMillan envisaged a network of Presbyterian day and boarding schools in Utah that would provide high-quality education at a minimal cost,” states Brackenridge.

“With no free public school system in Utah Territory, McMillan reasoned that denominational schools would bridge cultural gaps and attract Mormon children who in turn would draw their siblings and parents.”

The school, which opened on April 19,1875, was received well by the community. It was even endorsed by local LDS Bishop W.S. Seely, who had befriended McMillan on his arrival to Mt. Pleasant.

“Some day-school students also attended a Sunday School where the curriculum focused primarily on Biblical studies and doctrine, but many Mormon parents, wary of Protestant indoctrination, refused to let their children attend,” Brackenridge writes.

Brigham Young, president of the LDS Church, disapproved of the school and forbade local members to attend it. However, by early summer, enrollment had reached 109 with more on a waiting list.

Liberal Hall
The Presbyterian Church used Liberal Hall as its primary meetinghouse and school for 15 to 20 years. In the 1890s, the First Presbyterian Church, also with a bell tower, was built on the corner of 1st South and 1st West to fulfill the growing religion’s need for a larger center of worship. A new school building was also built to provide additional classroom space.

Some time after the fire in 1918, Liberal Hall began getting leased out for other uses.

This year, the restoration team has located the original bell used in Liberal Hall and plan to reinstall it in its rightful place. The bell was a welcomed sound upon its first ringing in 1875, even bringing some Scandinavian immigrants to tears because it had been so long since they had heard a church bell. LDS Church meetinghouses do not typically include belfries.

In 1972, Wasatch Academy became a nondenominational school when the Presbyterian Church stopped promoting its secular educational programs. Joseph Loftin, the head of school today, began pursuing the school’s international approach in the 1990s. Unlike its early years, the academy has reached out to local causes to better integrate the school into the community.

“It is a community within a community,” says Glidewell, mostly because its populace is so unique. Its international students speak many different languages and come from a number of countries, but they all contribute to a supportive and friendly culture.


The FC Jensen Home, shown in its current state. The front of the house is shown on the right side of the picture.


F.C. Jensen, a Danish settler, built this Victorian home on 200 South and 200 West in Mt. Pleasant in 1891. The Jensen family ended up leaving the LDS Church and joining the Liberal Party, which offered a political and educational alternative to the LDS culture.

“If Walls Could Talk” Series

By Emily Sanderson

MT PLEASANT — The Frederick Christian (F.C.) Jensen home is one of Mt. Pleasant’s standouts. What makes it more remarkable is that Jensen built it not for his own family but for his mother, Maria.

Jensen, a prominent Danish settler, Sanpete County businessman and Presbyterian, built the majestic two-story home on the corner of 200 West and 200 South in 1891.

It was added to the National Historic Register in 1982.

The hose is a beautiful example of Victorian architecture with its Eastlake porches and Carpenter Gothic  gables, according to the building’s registry with the U.S. Department of the Interior Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service.

The superior architecture reflects Jensen’s craftsmanship. Among his many business ventures, Jensen owned what was considered one of the finest furniture stores in the region.

The exterior of the home features four main gables decorated with alternating bands of diagonal and fishscale shingles. The two main porches have flat roofs with columns decorated with scroll brackets at the top of each column and fancy balusters.

The north parlor, one of two in the home, featured a half-octagonal bay window.

Painted bright colors

In the Danish tradition, the porch columns and balusters were originally painted in bright colors, according to the registry.

The woodwork throughout the home and the ceilings in both parlors were once intricately painted by a Danish artist, recalls Winifred Steadman Colwill, F.C. Jensen’s granddaughter. The home also features a very large kitchen and dining room in the back of the home, as well as a very large back porch.

“They entertained a lot of visitors,” Colwill says.

Upstairs were three bedrooms and one very large bathroom, which was the only original bathroom in the home. The home was filled with Danish furniture including tall, hand-painted bureaus.

Colwill visited the home frequently during her childhood and lived there with her grandmother as a high school student and in the summers during her college years.

One parlor was used as a music room, and it housed a beautiful grand piano. The room also features an Italian tile fireplace, which is still there today.

Sadly, one of the painted ceilings was destroyed when a pipe burst in the music room during a very cold winter. During the 1940s and 1950s, the family closed up the home during the winter because it had no central heating, and they would live at another residence in California. The water damage had become substantial before the family discovered it later in the spring. The ceiling had to be completely replaced. Gratefully, the grand piano was preserved by a plastic cover, Colwill recalls.

The family sold the home to Wasatch Academy in 1954 for a very modest price, says Donna Glidewell, the school’s historian, who also lives in the home for a period in 1991. The home is used today as a private residence by a member of the school’s faculty.

Pioneer Roots

F.C. Jensen and his twin Peter James were born in 1858, They were named after the King and Prince of Denmark. In all, Maria had five children. Their family ran an inn in Odense, Denmark, until F.C.’s father passed away. He and his brother were the youngest in the family and were grade-school age when Maria converted to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The family immigrated to Utah in 1862.

“They throught they were coming to live a better life,” Glidewell says. However, Maria broke her hip during the wagon ride and never fully recovered. She became dependent on her children to take care of her.

In addition, Maria spent the family’s entire life savings to pay for their travel and those of 19 other early Danish saints. She was promised by church leaders in Denmark that she would be reimbursed for the travel costs of the additional saints when they arrived in Utah.

Colwill says that when Maria Jensen arrived, authorities told her they considered the money she spent “a gift” to the saints. But Maria and her family fell away from the LDS Church for another reason, says Glidewell, who has read the family’s history book.

“It’s probably the fault of the bishop at the time,” she says. “No one liked him.”

The bishop quarantined F.C. and his brother for having smallpox one winter. It was normal procedure for them to hang a white flag outside their home as a warning of sickness to others. However, the bishop extended the quarantine through the spring, even though the boys were well again.

Against her bishop’s orders, Maria directed her sons to pursue the spring planting, while posting a white flag nearby as a compromise. She felt she had no choce, as the spring planting was the only way that the family would be able to provide for themselves that year.

Glidewell says the bishop confiscated their horse as punishment for their disobedience.

The family returned to the Lutheran faith they had practiced in Denmark before converting to the LDS Church and they joined a movement called the Liberal Party, Glidewell explains.

Prior to 1896, when the State of Utah instituted the public education system, children were schooled privately through religious programs. The Liberal Party provided an alternative education program outside the LDS Church, in addition to pursuing other political activities.

F.C. Jensen was mentored by Duncan McMillan, a Presbyterian minister who arrived in Mt. Pleasant in 1875 and who later founded the Wasatch Academy, originally a Presbyterian school.

Never pursued ministry

However, Jensen never pursued the ministry.

“F.C. loved McMillan, but he couldn’t follow in his footsteps by going to college because he couldn’t leave his mother,” Glidewell says.

Instead, Jensen married a local woman of Swedish descent named Edie Elizabeth Nielsen and pursued a number of local trades. In addition to running a state-of-the-art furniture store, he was a sheep herder and ran a successful freighting business throughout Utah.

“He was honest in his dealings and had a good reputation,” Colwill says of her grandfather. And he built businesses through trial and error.

Colwill describes a heartbreaking business delivery that illustrates the odds Jensen was up against.

Jensen won a contract to transport a heavy air compressor for a mine from Omaha to Salt Lake City. The machinery required a special wagon and yoke. Jensen had purchased a large team of extra fine blue Texas steers to carry the load, but four of the seven oxen in his team died along the trail, and Jensen had to trade the remainder for a team of horses. He was able to complete the trip to Salt Lake, but he and his brother were robbed in Salt Creek Canyon and came home penniless.

“He had determination,” Colwill says. “It was a matter of survival. I guess there was a bishop’s storehouse, but they weren’t part of that church.”

Later in his life, when his determination paid off, Jensen would hold titles such as vice president of the Utah Banker’s Association, president of the school board, and member of the Board of Directors of the Sugar and Livestock Association.

Jensen was a prominent member of the Presbyterian Church. Colwill has also been a member of the Presbyterian faith her whole life, but one of her best friends at Wasatch Academy was LDS, and she has remained friendly to the LDS Church.

Colwill moved back east with her husband as an adult, but they have maintained a cabin in Fairview Canyon that they visit each summer. “We love to go to the mountains. We like to camp in the national forest near there,” she says.

Although F.C. Jensen never went to college, he played an important role in providing a quality education for his children and grandchildren. Colwill was a member of the first graduating class as Wasatch Academy.

“My parents wanted me to be educated,” she says.

Colwill studied education in college and chose to become an elementary school teacher.

Jensen died in 1928. “I never knew him,” Colwill says. But she says his hard work and sacrifices provided her and her family with a good life, for which she is grateful.


If These Walls Could Talk

By Emily Sanderson

SPRING CITY–“You could kill me, but they will just send someone else.”

That’s what Judge Jacob Johnson said to Butch Cassidy one night as they shared a beer on his bedroom balcony when the infamous 1800s train robber came through town one night.

The original tile on his living room mantle still includes squares dedicated to each of Johnson’s two dogs, Sensation and Black Prince, complete with their names and illustrations.

Once called the “pink mansion” because of its rosy exterior paint color for many years, the Judge Jacob Johnson House in the 300 South block of 100 West was believed by some to be haunted by Johnson’s first wife, who some have imagined that he killed. However, history records that she died shortly after childbirth.

Teenagers loved to break in through the coal shoot and explore the house around Halloween when it stood vacant for a time.

When Chris and Alison Anderson purchased the home in 2000, the couple found a plaster-faced doll in the basement that was covered with spider webs. A ruined eye that was always open startled Alison when she first found her. Their kids named it “Creepydoll” and wrote a song about it.

However, the couple has never seen a ghost.

“If there are any,” Chris says, “they know we’re here.”

Judge Jacob Johnson

Jacob Johnson and his mother arrived from Aalborg, Denmark, in 1854. Johnson studied law in California but returned to Spring City, where he served as the City Attorney and later as a territorial judge, according to the Friends of Historic Spring City website.

Johnson built the stone, A-frame portion of the house for his first wife in 1875. He built the two-story Danish rotunda and Victorian stained-glass entrance in 1896 for his second wife. The Johnson House was the first in Spring City with indoor plumbing and electric lights.

Johnson never converted to the LDS Church, but he was friendly with the early Saints that settled in the area, many of whom were Scandinavian like him.

The Property

The home, cottage, barn, and granary have been well-preserved over the years, Chris Anderson says. Each of the previous owners had seen to its upkeep. However, the floor of the upper level of the main house sagged when the Andersons purchased the property, but that was because ceiling supports had been cut out when the modern heating system was installed. Gratefully, not too much damage had been done, and the couple was able to fix the problem during their four-year restoration process.

Chris, a business attorney from Salt Lake City, initially purchased the property because of his interest in a painting that hung on one of the walls in the home. An art collector, Chris negotiated with the previous owner that the artworks inside would come with it.

The Andersons sold their home in Salt Lake City, an older house in the community that they had also restored. They then made the Johnson home their primary residence. Chris continued to work in the city as Alison directed the restoration process during the week, and Chris stepped right into the hard work during weekends.

“We were interested in the rural experience,” Chris says. “The kids were out of the house, and we wanted to keep life interesting.”

The Cottage

Of the five buildings on the property, the Andersons began work on the cottage first. Doing so would give the couple a place to live while they worked on the other structures.

The cottage, originally used as Johnson’s courtroom and office, was built as a two-room structure with a steep staircase that jogged awkwardly to an upper room. A cinderblock room was added on to that building later that has been used as a bedroom.

Renters had done drugs in the cottage in recent years, so the Andersons had to completely gut the place to remove the dangerous chemicals that still lingered in the drywall and insulation. The Andersons removed the staircase and added an attic door. They removed a false ceiling and restored the two-door main entrance that had been cheaply modified to strut one door. In addition, they altered the windows in the bedroom to match the original windows’ tall dimensions, and they added stucco to the extension’s exterior to make it appear like period adobe.

The Andersons now use the cottage to house friends or family who come to visit over a weekend. The cottage is a great get-away that the couple often use themselves.

“It is the perfect place to watch period British movies like ‘Downton Abbey,’” Alison says, as the building seems to transport you back to those times.

Main House

The original two-story A-frame consisted of a kitchen and sitting room on the first level and two bedrooms on the second level. The addition includes a majestic entrance and porch, a staircase to the second level and a hallway to the back, a parlor room, two utility rooms in the back, and two bedrooms and a bathroom upstairs. The master bedroom includes a large balcony that extends along the southwest corner of the house.

The A-frame portion was built with pine wood, where the addition was built with fir. A common practice unique among the Mormon settlers was to paint the readily available pine and other plainer woods to look like a prettier wood. The sliding door to the parlor was carefully painted to look like oak on one side and mahogany on the other.

Alison has carefully painted the window framing boards to match the painted woodwork in the home. She also removed the carpet in the house and restored the original wood flooring.

“It is mostly cosmetic what we’ve done,” Chris says about the main house. Because the house was in such good condition, they were able to preserve much of what they found there, other than fixing the ceiling supports. The couple also removed the rickety servant’s staircase in the northwest corner.

They removed a wall that split the kitchen, but they split the large servant’s bathroom upstairs into three separate bathrooms including the master bathroom, a guestroom bathroom, and a hall bathroom.

The Andersons also took out the large, wrought iron coal stoves in each of the rooms.

“We had to make a decision between historic preservation and usability,” Alison says. The stoves took up such a large portion of the rooms and made it difficult to do much with their interior designs. They also removed the wash basins.

Alison took considerable care to design the kitchen for usability. She needed a place to store all their dishes, but she also wanted to work with the existing architecture. She removed the Formica counters that had cut right across the tall windows. She then installed modern cupboards and counter space along the walls. Underneath the two windows, she added cushioned sitting areas with built-in storage space below. In addition, she built a large center island that provides additional counter space and storage.

The Barn and Yard

The couple now uses the barn and yard to host outdoor parties in the summer. They have added stone walkways, flower gardens, and a chicken coop to the yard and have replaced the picket fence. They also built a garage for their cars that they designed to look like a red barn.

The Andersons removed truckload after truckload of weeds and junk from the yard and from inside all of the buildings on the property during the restoration process. The largest and most expensive tasks during the process were building five new roofs and adding three furnaces. The cottage uses one furnace, and the main house has two. The couple completed the restoration process in 2004 but continue to improve the property with little projects they pursue.

The couple has made every effort to utilize local artists during the restoration process and prominently display local paintings throughout the home and cottage. Upon their arrive, the couple soon learned that Spring City residents care very much about the Jacob Johnson House.

“People drove by the house each day to see all that we were doing,” Chris says. He recognizes that the house is an important resource in the community that has historical value.

The house was awarded the Utah Heritage Foundation Award for its superior workmanship.

Vegetable Masala

I found a recipe for vegetable masala on the internet, and I have modified it for two reasons: I wanted it to taste more like what I tasted at Honest Restaurant in Ahmedabad, India, and I also wanted to take advantage of the fresh spices that are available in American supermarkets. Masala simply means “spicy,” and in Ahmedabad, you can expect your nose to water within seconds of taking the first bite. This recipe is probably not as hot — adjust as desired. I will also note that I am not a vegetarian, but after trying vegetable masala for the first time, I realized that I could become one.

Make the garam masala spice beforehand and use it for several dishes of masala. In India, they roast each of these whole spices all day and then crush them altogether, resulting in a more potent, flavorful masala than what we will get out of bottles we buy from the store. But as an American, I use the spices in bottles from the store.

4 TB coriander
2 1/2 TB cumin
1 TB black pepper
1 TB white pepper
1 1/2 tsp. dry ginger
3/4 tsp. cardamom
3/4 tsp. cloves
3/4 tsp. cinnamon
3/4 tsp. crush bay leaves

Combine in a sealed container and store in a cool, dry place.

4 raw potatoes, washed, peeled and cubed
2 TB raw ginger root, peeled and chopped into pieces
1 bag frozen vegetables, snowpea and green bean mix
1/2 cup raw or frozen cauliflower, cut into medium pieces
2 tsp. salt
2 TB olive oil
2 tsp. mustard seeds
2 tsp. ground cumin
1/2 tsp. cayenne pepper
2 white onions, chopped
2 jalapenos, chopped with seeds removed
1 Anaheim pepper, chopped with seeds removed
2 cloves of garlic, finely chopped
4 tsp. garam masala
1 can chopped tomatoes
1 can coconut milk
cilantro leaves to taste

Combine the cubed potatoes, cauliflower and ginger in a medium sized pot and add 1 tsp. salt and fill with water. Cover and boil until tender. Drain and set aside. Place the other frozen vegetables in a separate pot, and add 1 tsp. salt and fill with water. Cover and bring to a boil. Drain immediately and set aside.

Combine the olive oil, cumin and mustard seeds in a large pan on medium heat. When the seeds begin to pop, add the onions, garlic and peppers and cook until tender, stirring regularly. Stir in the cumin, cayenne pepper and garam masala. Add the tomatoes with the juice and cilantro leaves. Then stir in the potatoes, cauliflower, ginger, and other vegetables. Finally, add the coconut milk. You can let this simmer for 10 minutes or for up to two hours on low heat. Serve with yogurt and rice. For the rice, choose a high-quality, long-grain rice such as Indian-grown Basmati or Thai-grown jasmine rice. Indians make their own yogurt, and I find that plain Greek yogurt is a pretty close substitute.

I will note that coconut milk is not traditionally used in vegetable masala from Ahmedabad, but I think it works as a nice thickener that compliments all the other spices. Coconut milk is used more prevalently in other regions in India. I will also note that I recommend using organic vegetables, especially the ginger root, which produce a better flavor.

You can also substitute the apples and cilantro with grapes and cashews, a recipe you may be more familiar with. However, the apples and cilantro combination are my favorite.

4 or 5 chicken breasts (check to see that they don’t have any preservatives that contain gluten)
1 quart limeade
2 large and crisp apples, sliced into small pieces
1 cup fresh cilantro leaves, sliced into small pieces
2 sticks of celery, diced into small pieces
1/2 red onion, diced into small pieces
1 1/2 cup gluten-free mayonaise (Kraft Mayonesa with lime works great)
1 1/2 cup sour cream or plain Greek yogurt
1/2 cup honey
1 tsp. curry powder
juice of half a squeezed lime
salt to taste
pepper to taste
gluten-free bread

On the night before, thaw raw chicken breasts in cold water for about 4 hours. Drain. Place in a sealed container and add limeade. Marinate overnight. The next day, place chicken and limeade in a 13×9 pan and season with salt and pepper to taste. Bake chicken at 350 degrees F for 45 minutes covered with tin foil. Remove tin foil and turn breasts over. Then bake for an additional 15 minutes uncovered. Let cool.

Chop apples, cilantro, celery and onion and place in a medium-sized bowl. Chop them into small enough pieces so that combined, they’re easy to eat between two slices of bread. Set aside. For the sauce, in a separate bowl, combine mayonnaise, sour cream, honey, curry powder, lime, and salt and pepper.

Slice chicken into small pieces and add to the medium-sized bowl. Then add the sauce and blend everything together well. Chill for about two hours and serve cold. Serve with gluten-free bread as sandwiches or on top of one slice. For an extra something special, toast the bread. Mmmm